Spain’s Birth Rate Down 13% Since 2008
June 25th, 2013
Recent statistics released by the National Statistics Institute, relating to 2012, reveals that fewer children are being born in Spain and the number of old people is growing. In fact, the number of births has declined now for the fourth consecutive year.
Between 1998 and 2008 the birth rate soared, after having plummeted since the mid 70s, but is has been declining steadily for the past four years, and at an increasing rate.
In 2011 the number of births fell by 3% compared to 2010, and in 2012 over 2011 it fell by 3.9%. A record 519,779 children were born in Spain in 2008: the highest number in 30 years. The latest figure shows 453,637 births. In other words, the number of births has decreased since before the crisis by 12.8%. In fact, immigration bolsters these figures, as 20% of the babies born in 2012 were to a foreign mother.
According to the Institute the decline is due to more and more people each year deciding not to have children, plus the fact that there are fewer women of childbearing age.
The statistics in the Natural Population Movement study also show that, in 2012, 405,615 people died in Spain, which was 4.6% more than in the previous year, and the biggest annual increase of the decade.
Marriages have also increased for the first time since 2004. The increase – of 3.4% – is due mainly to civil marriages, which rose by 8.7%. Of the total marriages registered (168,835), 2.3% were same sex marriages (3,834). The study also notes that couples are leaving it longer before marrying: with the average age standing at 36.2 years for men and 33 for women. This average includes both first and second marriages. Referring only to the former, the average age is 33.8 years for men and 31.6 for women.
The Balearic Islands, Castilla-La Mancha and Extremadura registered the biggest increase in deaths, while Madrid, Extremadura and Castilla-La Mancha registered the lowest number of births.
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