For anyone who is still not familiar with the term ‘mini jobs’ – they are low-paid contracts with a maximum of 15 hours per week, and have been operating in Germany since 2003, serving to keep that country’s economy active in the darkest times of the crisis. The ECB has recommended, backed by the CEOE, that Spain consider applying the same model, and new Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has agreed to study its feasibility.
In Germany the minimum wage is not regulated and a ‘mini job’ has a salary of 400 euros per month, but the worker does not pay taxes and can make voluntary social security contributions, reported El Mundo.
Generally with a ‘mini job’, the employer pays from 2% to 28% to the Treasury and Social Security, and the employee may voluntarily contribute an additional 4.5% of their income to supplement social security contributions and pension and sickness cover. The employer ends up paying about 120 euros per worker to the State, or around 30%.
People working under this system, which in Germany amounts to 6.8 million workers according to recent data, are entitled to paid leave, maternity leave and sickness pay, in addition to redundancy pay.
Delivery drivers, household cleaners, carers of children or the elderly, painters, and waiters are the occupations with the most successful ‘mini jobs’. In most cases, these are jobs for which no qualifications are required. The groups that have most benefited from this scheme are the long-term unemployed, and young people who are able to combine this type of employment with their studies.
Employees in ‘mini jobs’ see them as an advantage as they are able to continue paying into the social security system and making contributions to their pension. However, almost none sees these as a permanent job, but as a bridge to other employment contracts in the future.