The number of births in Spain continues the fall it began in 2009, and dropped by 6.2% in the first half of this year, with 38,664 less babies being born than in the period from January to June 2012, while at the same time, the number of deaths has fallen by 6.1% to 204,394 people.
However, according to the National Institute of Statistics’ Natural Population Movement study, the decline in the death rate is due to there being a short-term increase in deaths in February and March of 2012, resulting in the number of deaths increasing to 217,634 for the first six months of 2012, which is 9.5% more than the same period in 2011.
The decline in births has accumulated a fall of 18.3% since 2008, mainly due to lower fertility, a decrease in the number of children per woman, and the progressive reduction in the number of women of childbearing age.
By region, births declined in all, and only increased in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla. The regions where they fell most between January and June were the Canary Islands, with a decrease of 15.8%, and Navarra (-11%), while the smallest declines were registered in Aragon (-1.9%) and Murcia (-2.1%).
Similarly, the number of deaths also reduced in all regions and increased only in Ceuta. Murcia and Castilla-La Mancha were the regions where the number of deaths fell the most (-8.8%), while the more moderate declines were registered in Galicia (-3%) and Navarra (-3.6%).
The statistical data published includes marriages, and those registered in Spain between January and June this year fell by 3.9% compared with the same period a year earlier, reaching 70,996 unions, of which 2.4% (1,690) were same-sex couples. The number of marriages also recorded declines in all regions except the Balearic and Canary Islands.
El Mundo reported that the National Institute of Statistics also released the definitive data for 2012, according to which last year 454,648 children were born in Spain and 402,950 people died, resulting in a positive natural balance of 51,698 people, in a year where 168,556 people married.